Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) is an interdisciplinary field that has attracted researchers, educators, and practitioners from different disciplines. HCI has gained attention during recent years due to the rapid development and advancement in information and computer technology. To better use advanced technology, we need to better understand users, their tasks within different contexts, and the interplay among users, tasks, and contexts/environments.
In the MIS field, broad HCI issues and research questions have been investigated over a long period of time. Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) or Human Factors studies in MIS are concerned with the ways humans interact with information, technologies, and tasks, especially in business, managerial, organizational, and cultural contexts. MIS researchers study these issues in organizational, business, and personal contexts or take these contexts into consideration in their studies.
The high level of interest exhibited by MIS scholars in broad HCI studies has been demonstrated in many ways:
The high number of hits from queries to the ISWORLD Faculty Directory on research and teaching in HCI related areas (see Zhang et al., 2002 in CAIS);
The high level of participation in HCI specific events sponsored by the AIS SIGHCI (please refer to http://sigs.aisnet.org/sighci for more information);
The high level of participation in the HCI track/minitrack at AMCIS 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006. At the last five AMCIS conferences, the HCI in MIS track (or minitrack prior to AMCIS 2004) was among the most popular ones at AMCIS.
This increasing trend of interest and enthusiasm was exhibited by the large number of submissions and the high level of participation during the last few years. A meta/mega track is necessary so that (1) it is possible to attend to specific research areas within HCI in MIS, (2) more HCI researchers can be involved, play important organizing roles, and make an impact in this area, and (3) the overall reviewing process for submissions in this area can be more efficiently and better managed.
The aim of this track is consistent with the HCI in MIS track/minitrack in previous years at AMCIS. We want to provide a forum for AIS members to acknowledge each other’s work, and to discuss, develop, and promote a range of issues related to HCI in MIS, including the history, reference disciplines, theories, practice, methodologies and techniques, new development, and applications of the interaction between humans, information and information technology. In an effort to bridge academic research and industry practice, both research articles and experience reports are welcome. The track is open to all types of research methodologies (e.g., conceptualization, theorization, case study, action research, experimentation, survey, simulation). We also welcome visionary articles and research in progress papers.
Special Issue of the DATA BASE for Advances in Information Systems
We are pleased to announce that The DATA BASE for Advances in Information Systems (DATA BASE) has agreed to publish expansions of the best, completed papers from participating minitracks at the HCI track at AMCIS 2007. Our special thanks go to the co-editors of DATA BASE, Dr. Tom Stafford and Dr. Patrick Chau, for their support of HCI research and AIS SIGHCI. Continuing the AIS SIGHCI tradition, we believe that this fast-tracking opportunity with a high-quality refereed academic journal will promote HCI research in the MIS community. The guest editors for this special issue will be Matt Germonprez, Traci Hess, Nancy Russo, and Chuck Kacmar.
HCI researchers wishing to participate in this fast-tracking opportunity should submit their papers to the participating HCI mini-tracks listed below. SIGHCI’s policies regarding fast-tracking with SIGHCI sponsored special journal issues and best paper awards at conferences are available at http://sigs.aisnet.org/sighci/sig_policies/.
Hedonic Information Technologies: Online Games, Interactive Entertainment, and Lifestyle Computing
Some of the most dramatic recent developments in computing have been the explosive growth in interactive digital entertainment (IDE), and social and lifestyle computing – or the non-business use of computing for purposes of entertainment, socialization, and lifestyle augmentation. The market for gaming is currently about $7.3 billion dollars, with $936 million in online gaming. Meanwhile, the market for digital entertainment in homes and home automation has reached an all-time high in 2005. These non-business uses of computing represent large and legitimate markets with social implications that are so profound and global in impact that affected societies will never be the same.
Gaming has long been an extension of artificial intelligence research, but its many social, economic, and business implications have long been ignored by academic researchers. Research in interactive digital entertainment and lifestyle computing is even more sparse. Given the magnitude of impact that interactive digital entertainment and lifestyle computing will have on the world, this minitrack will explore and foster unaddressed social, business, and technical research in these areas. These topics are a natural extension of and complement with related research in the HCI track.
Example topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following aspects of online interactive digital entertainment (IDE) and lifestyle computing:
- Advertising models with IDE
- AI techniques for IDE
- Auctions for online gaming components
- Automated/smart homes
- Collaborative gaming
- Communication techniques and issues of IDE
- Conflicts between real and virtual worlds
- Diffusion and adoption of IDE
- Digital convergence
- Digital personas
- E-business of entertainment
- Economic impact of IDE
- Gaming communities
- Gaming currencies
- HCI aspects of IDE/edutainment
- IDE agents
- Immersive gaming
- Interactive digital storytelling / techniques for interactive narration
- Interactive theatre
- Learning through IDE
- Lifestyle computing
- Massive social collaboration
- Measures of IDE
- Metaphors of IDE
- Methodologies and development techniques
- Mixed reality and virtual reality
- Mobile gaming
- Models of IDE
- Novel interfaces
- Online addiction and anti-social behavior
- Online environments of IDE
- Pricing of IDE
- Privacy and security issues
- Social blogging
- Social issues and considerations of IDE
- Ubiquitous gaming
- Virtual reality
- Wearable computing
- Wireless social computing
Emerging Computer-Mediated Communication Tools/Technologies for Web-based Services
Applications of innovative Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) tools and technologies have reached a new height in support of communications in business and education on the Internet. For example, web-based live text chat and co-browsing have been used to enhance the user experience during online customer service. Agents, avatars, and automatic payment systems have been used to assist users in online purchasing. In addition, hyper video and e-books are now widely used in e-learning, and highly personalized user interfaces using tools such as RSS and gadgets are rapidly gaining popularity on the Internet.
Given the novelty of these tools and technologies, the theme of the mini-track is (1) to understand and explore the design, use, and evaluation of innovative CMC tools and technologies in web-based services, and (2) to advance theories and construct theoretical models to improve our ability to understand and explain their impact.
This mini-track encourages theoretical and empirical (both quantitative and qualitative) studies drawing from various research disciplines. Studies using innovative research methodologies or multi-methods are especially welcome. Potential topics include but are not limited to:
- Development of frameworks and taxonomies for assessing innovative CMC tools and technologies on the Internet
- Theories and research models concerning the design, use, and evaluation of innovative CMC tools and technologies
- Applications of innovative CMC tools and technologies in web-based business and education
- Applications of innovative CMC tools and technologies in interpersonal and group communication via the Internet
- Impact of innovative CMC tools and technologies on the behavior of individuals, groups, and organizations
- Qualitative analysis of the components, process, and context of innovative CMC tools and technologies
Advancement in technologies (e.g., Internet, mobile and wireless technology, and ubiquitous technology) has made personalization possible and available. Personalization has been recognized as an important concept in IS research and has received considerable attention from both academia and industry. Many practitioners and researchers are investigating into various issues of personalization. Yet, there is a lot to be known about personalization technologies, personalization applications, and their impacts.
This mini-track addresses all the issues related to designing, developing, implementing, and evaluating personalization systems from the technical, behavioral, economical, or managerial perspectives. Through this mini-track, we aim to examine technologies for personalization, users’ attitude, intention, and perception towards personalization, the impacts of personalization, and better ways for personalizing products and services. We welcome empirical research through quantitative or qualitative methodologies including novel conceptualizations of information systems, analytical modeling approaches, case studies of implementations and experimental or prototyping-based studies.
- Defining and conceptualizing personalization in e-commerce, m-commerce, and u-commerce
- Understanding the process of personalization
- Personalization technologies such as recommendation systems and intelligent software
- Theories and models for better understanding of personalization
- Applications of personalization technologies
- Factors influencing users’ adoption, acceptance and usage of personalized products/services
- Impact of personalization systems on users’ behavior
- Personalization-Privacy Paradox (e.g.., trade-offs between personalization and privacy concerns)
- The impact of personalization systems on business
- Identifying and implementing users’ various personalization needs
- Best practices of personalization
- Cross-cultural issues of personalization
- Metrics for personalization success
Emergency Response Information Systems (Co-Sponsored by SIGDSS)
Any aspect of the design, development, deployment, operation, or evaluation of emergency response systems are appropriate for this mini-track provided it focuses on the tools, functionality, and/or interface the system provides to human users involved with emergency and crisis response. Also papers that focus on requirements for this environment and/or the impact or relationship of such systems to the behavior of the individuals or organizations involved are equally welcome.
Papers that focus on the underlying technology or hardware of computers, networks, sensors, mobile devices and their improvements in such areas as throughput, accuracy, and security, should be directed to other appropriate sessions. An exception might be any special purpose input/output device for use by respondents to a crisis situation.
This mini-track is concerned with the functionality that Emergency Response Information System provides for those involved in:
- Preparedness (analysis, planning, and evaluation)
- Analysis of the threats
- Analysis and evaluation of performance (and errors)
- Planning for training
- Planning for mitigation
- Planning for detection and intelligence
- Planning for response
- Planning for recovery and/or normalization
HCI Issues in Healthcare IT (Co-Sponsored by SIGHealth)
In order to comply with changing regulations and to improve support for office staff, clinicians, and patients, healthcare organizations worldwide are currently undertaking massive transformations and additions to their IT infrastructure. History suggests that the success of the healthcare applications that emerge from this process will depend to a large degree on the ability of people to use them effectively and efficiently. Human-computer interaction (HCI) research can provide valuable guidance to improve the usability of healthcare IT. Potential exists for HCI researchers to apply existing knowledge to improving healthcare IT as well as to formulate new theories and practices specific to the healthcare context. The goal of this minitrack is to provide a focused outlet at AMCIS for HCI researchers in healthcare domains to share and discuss the results of their work. Research is welcomed on any HCI topic relating to healthcare IT.
- Innovative HCI design and/or prototyping methods in healthcare
- Usability engineering for healthcare IT
- UI evaluation methods in healthcare
- Behavioral and cognitive aspects of HCI in healthcare
- Impacts of HCI on success or failure of healthcare IT
- User interface (UI) design practices for reducing errors in healthcare IT
- Application of HCI research to improving telemedicine
- UI development for patient-centered information systems, providing such functions as communication, health records access, and remote monitoring and treatment
- Accessibility and other HCI issues relating to special needs populations, including elderly patients, the chronically ill, and caregivers
- Impacts of regulation (e.g., privacy, security, HIPAA) on usability
- HCI aspects relating electronic medical records (institutional and/or personal)
- HCI and mobile devices used in healthcare
- Standards and guiding principles for UI design in healthcare
- Developing and teaching HCI courses for healthcare IT
Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices (Co-Sponsored by SIGE-BIZ)
Mobile applications are having a profound impact on organizations and individuals. Organizations no longer need to provide every employee with a wired connection to perform their job functions. Individuals can use mobile devices to access the information systems they need anywhere at anytime. But mobility and mobile device use is also adding to problems of information overload. Information management becomes more difficult and complex in mobile environments as well. Since mobile devices can be taken anywhere, the user’s environment can change rapidly from moment to moment. There can also be a significant number of people, objects, and activities vying for a user’s attention aside from the mobile application itself.
Designing effective interaction methods is a challenging part of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), and mobile devices make this challenge even greater. Mobile applications require efficient ways to record and access information under circumstances that are often quite different from those where desktop computers are used. The purpose of this mini-track is to provide a forum for examining how people interact with mobile information systems and the devices that are used to access them. Submissions addressing all aspects of HCI with mobile devices are welcome.
Possible Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Novel interaction and interface design for mobile devices (e.g., phones, PDAs)
- Usability testing methods for wireless applications
- HCI security (HCI-SEC) for mobile devices and interactions
- Field tests of mobile information systems
- Case studies looking at the design and usability of mobile applications
- Formal user studies of mobile device interaction techniques
- Designing privacy into mobile applications and devices
- Notification cues and information displays for handheld devices
- Wearable systems and computing
- Input and output methods for small and ultra-mobile devices (e.g., PDA’s, watches, rings)
Information Visualization and Decision Support (Co-Sponsored by SIGDSS)
The abundance of information available to today’s managers makes it essential to efficiently represent, filter, and present information for effective decision making. The rapid advances in hardware and software development have made it possible to present data visually from multiple perspectives. However, the challenge is the design of visualizations such that (1) they are useful in presenting non-numeric as well numeric information, and (2) they are integrated with other components of existing decision support systems.
From that perspective, the topic of information visualization spans several disciplines, including decision support and human-computer interaction. Specifically, the graphical presentation of information applies to an array of topics such as data modeling, interface design, data mining, and data warehousing. This mini-track will focus on the design, development, and use of information visualization, as well as its ability to function as a tool to aid managerial decision-making.
- Techniques for the organization of information (e.g., clustering)
- Visual presentation of data mining results
- Design of visual interfaces that facilitate decision support
- Evaluation of visual interfaces especially from a decision effectiveness perspective
- Application of animation techniques to the presentation of information
HCI and Competitive Advantage
This Mini-Track addresses an issue that has been skirted both by the ACM Computer-Human Interaction Community and the AIS-Human-Computer Interaction Community, that is, what value do efforts in human-computer interaction provide to the overall corporation, and what competitive advantage might the skills and activities performed by HCI personnel give to business operations? The Mini-Track is therefore looking for papers that address this larger issue not just in terms of a return on investment that might be achieved in various focused areas of HCI, e.g., web site development that brings repeat business, but also in areas such as the redefinition of business processes, the suggestion of new markets, the creation of new products and services and the influence on corporate strategies. Furthermore information is needed on what are the critical success factors for the management of HCI functions within organizations.
Human-Computer Interaction, because it has focused on the study of human behavior with the intent of generating appropriate designs that support the smooth integration technology with humans, is a field that is posed to move beyond that of simply running evaluation studies or investigating reasons for individual acceptance or adoption of technology. HCI is a field that has developed a myriad of methods for observing, modeling and interpreting human behavior in order to obtain technology designs and technology infrastructures that make human activities more productive. These same methods could apply, in the large, to corporate strategy. Similar to work in organizational behavior that has demonstrated that managing human capital appropriately can improve productivity, there exist demonstrations in human-computer interaction that would illustrate that it, too, has the potential to increase productivity. A classic example is that of making interfaces usable enough so that data entry work is done by customers rather than hired personnel. Another example exists in the redesign of workflow in collaborative work research which uses computer interfaces to manage complex work re-direction negotiations. A third example exists in software development wherein software update management systems take over monitoring functions enabling a company to pursue the cost advantages of virtual teams.
Possible Topics include (but are not limited to):
- Return on Investment for employing usability evaluation
- Cost-benefit tradeoffs in using human-computer-interaction techniques
- Case studies of the strategic use of HCI
- Case studies on and success factors for managing the HCI function in organizations
- Empirical studies of business process change introduced and enabled by HCI
- HCI-related business models
- Recognition of emerging markets in new technologies and services based on HCI investigations
Interface Design, Evaluation, and Impact
HCI papers that do not fall into any of the above minitracks should be submitted to the HCI minitrack. Possible topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
- The behavioral, cognitive, and motivational aspects of human/computer interaction
- User task analysis and modeling
- The analysis, design, development, evaluation, and use of information systems
- Guidelines and standards for interface design
- User interface design and evaluation of the Web for
- B2B, B2C, C2C E-Commerce
- Group collaboration
- Negotiation and auction
- Design and evaluation issues for small screen devices and M-Commerce
- Interface issues in the development of other new interaction technologies
- Information system usability engineering
- The impact of interfaces/information technology on attitudes, behavior, performance, perception, and productivity
- Implications and consequences of technological change on individuals, groups, society, and socio-technical units
- Issues related to the elderly, the young and special needs populations
- Issues in teaching HCI courses
- Other human factors issues related to HCI